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English Lesson Plan on:
World Down Syndrome Day

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THE READING / TAPESCRIPT


 

World Down Syndrome Day is on March the 21st every year. It is on this day because the number 21 is important in the identification of Down Syndrome. The condition is created by a 21st, extra chromosome being replicated three times, thus causing the condition. The day is organized by Down Syndrome International (DSI), which runs different annual campaigns. DSI aims to create global awareness about Down Syndrome and encourage countries to help sufferers play a bigger role in their societies. DSI says sufferers are able to make significant contributions to society. Down Syndrome is common throughout the world. Estimates are that the incidence of the condition is over 1 per 1,000 births.

Down Syndrome is a disorder of the chromosomes. Most people have 20 chromosomes, but the presence of an extra 21st chromosome creates the disorder. It is named after the British doctor, John Langdon Down, who first described the syndrome in 1866. Sufferers experience a limitation in their cognitive ability and physical growth, as well as changes in their facial appearance. People with Down Syndrome range from having slight developmental disabilities to very serious mental disability. Down Syndrome also increases the risk of heart defects, kidney disease and insomnia. Nowadays, loving care and good education can provide sufferers with a good quality of life and enable them to make valuable contributions to their fields of work.

Sources: http://www.wikipedia.org/ and assorted sites.

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PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article.

Paragraph 1

1.

the identification

a.

about Down Syndrome

2

… created by a 21st, extra chromosome

b.

contributions to society

3.

DSI aims to create global awareness

c.

of Down Syndrome

4.

help sufferers play

d.

1 per 1,000 births

5.

sufferers are able to make significant

e.

being replicated

6.

the incidence of the condition is over

f.

a bigger role in their societies

 

Paragraph 2

1.

Down Syndrome is a disorder of

a.

their cognitive ability

2

an extra 21st chromosome

b.

their facial appearance

3.

Sufferers experience a limitation in

c.

mental disability

4.

…as well as changes in

d.

the chromosomes

5.

very serious

e.

their fields of work

6.

make valuable contributions to

f.

creates the disorder


LISTENING GAP FILL

World Down Syndrome Day is on March the 21st every year. It is on __________________ number 21 is important in the identification of Down Syndrome. The condition is __________________, extra chromosome being replicated three times, thus causing the condition. The day is organized by Down Syndrome International (DSI), which __________________ campaigns. DSI aims to create global awareness about Down Syndrome and encourage countries to help __________________ bigger role in their societies. DSI says sufferers are able to make significant contributions to society. Down Syndrome is common throughout the world. Estimates are that the incidence of the condition __________________ births.

Down Syndrome __________________ chromosomes. Most people have 20 chromosomes, but the ____________________ 21st chromosome creates the disorder. It is named after the British doctor, John Langdon Down, __________________ the syndrome in 1866. Sufferers experience a limitation in their cognitive ability and physical growth, as well as changes in their __________________. People with Down Syndrome range from having slight developmental disabilities to __________________ disability. Down Syndrome also increases the risk of heart defects, kidney disease and insomnia. Nowadays, loving care and good education can provide sufferers with a good quality of life and enable them to make valuable contributions _____________________.


WHILE READING / LISTENING GAP FILL

Put the words into the gaps in the text.

World Down Syndrome Day is on March the 21st every year. It is on this day because the __________ 21 is important in the identification of Down Syndrome. The __________ is created by a 21st, extra chromosome being __________ three times, thus causing the condition. The day is organized by Down Syndrome International (DSI), which __________ different annual campaigns. DSI aims to create __________ awareness about Down Syndrome and encourage countries to help __________ play a bigger role in their societies. DSI says sufferers are able to __________ significant contributions to society. Down Syndrome is common throughout the world. Estimates are that the incidence of the condition is over 1 per 1,000 __________.

 

 

 

sufferers
replicated
births
number
runs
condition
make
global

Down Syndrome is a __________ of the chromosomes. Most people have 20 chromosomes, but the presence of an extra 21st chromosome __________ the disorder. It is named after the British doctor, John Langdon Down, who __________ described the syndrome in 1866. Sufferers experience a limitation in their cognitive ability and physical growth, as well as __________ in their facial appearance. People with Down Syndrome range from having slight developmental disabilities to very serious __________ disability. Down Syndrome also increases the risk of __________ defects, kidney disease and insomnia. Nowadays, loving __________ and good education can provide sufferers with a good quality of life and enable them to make valuable contributions to their __________ of work.

 

 

heart
 
mental
creates
fields
disorder
changes
care
first


CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD

Delete the wrong word in each of the pairs of italics.

World Down Syndrome Day is on March the 21st every year. It is in / on this day because the number 21 is important / importance in the identification of Down Syndrome. The condition is creation / created by a 21st, extra chromosome being replicated three times, thus causing the condition. The day is organized by / of Down Syndrome International (DSI), which runs different annual / year campaigns. DSI aims to create global awareness about Down Syndrome and encourage countries to help sufferers / suffers play a bigger role in their societies. DSI says sufferers are able to make significant contributions to social / society. Down Syndrome is common throughout the world. Estimates are that the incidence at / of the condition is over 1 per 1,000 births.

Down Syndrome is a disorder to / of the chromosomes. Most people have 20 chromosomes, but the presents / presence of an extra 21st chromosome creates the disorder. It is named later / after the British doctor, John Langdon Down, who first described the syndrome in 1866. Sufferers experience a limitation in / out their cognitive ability and physical grown / growth, as well as changes in their facial appearance. People with Down Syndrome range / ranges from having slight developmental disabilities to very serious mental disability. Down Syndrome also increases the risky / risk of heart defects, kidney disease and insomnia. Nowadays, loving care and good education can provide sufferers with a good quality of life / alive and enable them to make valuable contributions to their fields of work.


MULTIPLE CHOICE

World Down Syndrome Day is on March the 21st every year. It is on this day because the (1) ____ 21 is important in the identification of Down Syndrome. The condition is (2) ____ by a 21st, extra chromosome being replicated three times, thus (3) ____ the condition. The day is organized by Down Syndrome International (DSI), which runs different annual campaigns. DSI aims to create global (4) ____ about Down Syndrome and encourage countries to help sufferers play a bigger (5) ____ in their societies. DSI says sufferers are able to make significant contributions to society. Down Syndrome is common throughout the world. Estimates are that the (6) ____ of the condition is over 1 per 1,000 births.

Down Syndrome is a disorder of the chromosomes. Most people have 20 chromosomes, but the (7) ____ of an extra 21st chromosome creates the disorder. It is named (8) ____ the British doctor, John Langdon Down, who first described the syndrome in 1866. Sufferers experience a limitation in their cognitive (9) ____ and physical growth, as well as changes in their facial appearance. People with Down Syndrome range from having slight developmental disabilities to very serious mental (10) ____. Down Syndrome also increases the risk of heart defects, kidney disease and insomnia. Nowadays, (11) ____ care and good education can provide sufferers with a good quality of life and enable them to make valuable contributions to their fields of (12) ____.

Put the correct words from this table into the article.

1.

(a)

number

(b)

numerous

(c)

numerals

(d)

numeral

2.

(a)

creation

(b)

creating

(c)

created

(d)

creates

3.

(a)

cause

(b)

causing

(c)

caused

(d)

causation

4.

(a)

aware

(b)

aware of

(c)

be aware

(d)

awareness

5.

(a)

roll

(b)

roles

(c)

role

(d)

role of

6.

(a)

incidents

(b)

incidence

(c)

incidences

(d)

incident

7.

(a)

presence

(b)

present

(c)

presents

(d)

presences

8.

(a)

later

(b)

then

(c)

after

(d)

next

9.

(a)

able

(b)

abilities

(c)

able-bodied

(d)

ability

10.

(a)

disable

(b)

disability

(c)

disabled

(d)

disabling

11.

(a)

loving

(b)

love

(c)

loved

(d)

lover

12.

(a)

worker

(b)

workers

(c)

worked

(d)

work


SPELLING

Spell the jumbled words (from the text) correctly.

Paragraph 1

1.

the number 21 is ompianrtt

2.

… thus causing the oodciintn

3.

different ananul campaigns

4.

help rssfeuefr

5.

contributions to coytise

6.

itmEsaset are that…

 

Paragraph 2

7.

a isrrodde of the chromosomes

8.

aendm after the British doctor

9.

their acfali appearance

10.

increases the risk of heart ecfedst

11.

a good iuyatlq of life

12.

make buevalla contributions


PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER

Number these lines in the correct order.

(    )

sufferers play a bigger role in their societies. DSI says sufferers are able to make significant

(    )

of an extra 21st chromosome creates the disorder. It is named after the British doctor, John Langdon Down, who first

(    )

growth, as well as changes in their facial appearance. People with Down Syndrome range from having

(    )

different annual campaigns. DSI aims to create global awareness about Down Syndrome and encourage countries to help

1  )

World Down Syndrome Day is on March the 21st every year. It is on this day because the number 21 is

(    )

important in the identification of Down Syndrome. The condition is created by a 21st, extra chromosome being replicated

(    )

described the syndrome in 1866. Sufferers experience a limitation in their cognitive ability and physical

(    )

of heart defects, kidney disease and insomnia. Nowadays, loving care and good education can provide

(    )

Down Syndrome is a disorder of the chromosomes. Most people have 20 chromosomes, but the presence

(    )

three times, thus causing the condition. The day is organized by Down Syndrome International (DSI), which runs

(    )

sufferers with a good quality of life and enable them to make valuable contributions to their fields of work.

(    )

slight developmental disabilities to very serious mental disability. Down Syndrome also increases the risk

(    )

are that the incidence of the condition is over 1 per 1,000 births.

(    )

contributions to society. Down Syndrome is common throughout the world. Estimates


SCRAMBLED SENTENCES

With a partner, put the words back into the correct order.

1.

is   a   extra   condition   by   ,   The   created   21st   chromosome

2.

to    aims    DSI    awareness    global    create

3.

societies    bigger    help    role    sufferers    in    play    their    a

4.

common    the    Down    is    throughout    world    Syndrome

5.

condition   incidence   1,000   per   is   of   births   1   over   the   the

6.

is    Syndrome    Down    chromosomes    the    of    disorder    a

7.

ability    cognitive    their    in    limitation    a    experience    Sufferers

8.

Down   risk   Syndrome   of   also   heart   increases   defects   the

9.

provide    life    of    quality    good    a    with    sufferers

10.

fields    their    to    contributions    valuable    make    work    of


DISCUSSION (Write your own questions)

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________


THE WORLD DOWN SYNDROME DAY SURVEY

Write five questions about World Down Syndrome Day in the table. Do this in pairs/groups. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.

Without your partner, interview other students. Write down their answers.

 

STUDENT 1

_____________

STUDENT 2

_____________

STUDENT 3

_____________

Q.1.

 

 

 

 

Q.2.

 

 

 

 

Q.3.

 

 

 

 

Q.4.

 

 

 

 

Q.5.

 

 

 

 

Return to your original partner(s) and share and talk about what you found out.  Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.


WRITING

Write about World Down Syndrome Day for 10 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information about World Down Syndrome Day. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

3. MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Write a magazine article about World Down Syndrome Day. Write about what happens around the world. Include two imaginary interviews with people who did something on this day.

Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

4. POSTER: Make your own poster about World Down Syndrome Day. Write about what will happen on this day around the world.

Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

ANSWERS

Check your answers in "THE READING / TAPESCRIPT" section at the top of this page.


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